The chief founder of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, S.P. Mukherjee was an ardent patriot and nationalistic political leader of India. It is unfortunate that none of the educated youth have any idea about this great personality whose efforts made it possible for Kashmir to remain a part of India inspite of Nehru's inanities.
Mukherjee was firmly against Nehru's invitation to the Pakistani PM Liaquat Ali Khan, and their joint pact to establish minority commissions and guarantee minority rights in both countries. Under the pact the governments of Pakistan and India had no "extra-territorial claims" on the minorities of the other country. He wanted Pakistan to take direct responsibility for the terrible influx of millions of Hindu refugees from East Pakistan, who had left the state fearing religious suppression and violence aided by the state.
On April 19, 1950, he said
"When the partition of this country became inevitable I played a very large part in creating public opinion in favor of the partition of Bengal, for I felt that if that was not done, the whole of Bengal and also perhaps Assam would fall to Pakistan. At that time little knowing that I would jointhe first central cabinet, I along with others, gave assuarnaces to the Hindus of East Bengal stating that if they suffered at the hands of the future Paksitani government, if they were denied elementary rights of citizenship, if their lives and honour were not jeopardised or attacked, free India would not remain an idle spectator and their just cause would be boldly taken up by the government and people of India."
The Liaquat-Nehru pact violated Mukherjee's pledge to the Hindus of East Bengal and thus resigned from the cabinet and founded the Jana Sangh.
-The Jana Sangh by Craig Baxter, Pg 66
(The fears of Mukherjee was proven right as seen by the terrible atrocities committed on the hindu/buddhist minorites in Pakistan (incl. Bangaldesh)
"The BJS criticized favoritism to India's Muslims by the Nehru administration, and promoted free-market economics as opposed to the socialism in Nehru's economic and social policies. The BJS also favored a uniform civil code for both Hindus and Muslims, want to ban cow slaughter and end the special status of Muslim-majority Jammu and Kashmir"
"Sri Mookerjee opposed the Indian National Congress's decision to allow Kashmir to be a special state and have its own flag and prime minister. According to Congress's decision, no one, including the President of India can enter into Kashmir with out the Kashmir's prime minister's approval.
In order to oppose this decision, he once said "Ek desh mein do Vidhan, do Prdhan and Do Nishan nahi chalenge" (A single country can't have two constitutions, two prime ministers, and two National Emblems)
Mookerjee went to visit Kashmir in 1953, and went on hunger strike to protest the law prohibiting Indian citizens from settling in a state in their own country and the need to carry ID cards, and was arrested on 11 May while crossing border. Although the ID card rule was revoked owing to his efforts, he died as detenu on May 23, 1953 under mysterious circumstances. His death in custody raised wide suspicion across the country and demands for independent enquiry, including earnest requests from his mother, Jogmaya Devi to the then Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru. Unfortunately no enquiry commission was set up and his death remains a mystery."
Shows the complicity of Nehru in finishing off anybody who opposed him. Another victim of Nehru's vindictiveness was the great Indian freedom fighter Shri V.D. Savarkar. But thats a story for another day.